Sunday, February 22, 2015

The Hollimans of England, Part 5

by Glenn N. Holliman

For the past few months, I have been alternating ancestral stories of distant cousins - one branch that immigrated to the New World and by the late 1700s had arrived in the Piedmont area of North Carolina.  Other distant cousins remained in England.  


With this posting we return to the middle 1800s following an English Holliman family on the rise economically.  As did tens of thousands, the immediate ancestors of Lindsay Holliman left the farm and moved to London, the world's largest city in the 19th Century, seeking economic opportunity in the new industrial age.

Above, Glenn Holliman and Lindsay Holliman, both descended from Thomas Hollyman (d 1558) of Buckinghamshire, England, compare notes at Lindsay's kitchen table, January 2014.

From the Farm to the Cities by Lindsay Holliman

"My 2nd great grandfather, John Holliman (11 September 1831 – 1907), spent his early years as a farm labourer in Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire, about forty-five miles west of London.  His home was in Frog Lane in the shadow of the Long Crenton Manor.  In 1851, he actually was resident at the Manor House.


Below Frog Lane in Long Crendon, Buckinghamshire in the 19th Century.

Below the maginificent Long Crendon Manor House with Tudor framing

At some point in the 1870s, John moved his wife, Lillah/Zillah Sherriff, and family to the Chelsea district of London.  The couple had married in 1855 and had one son, James Holliman.  Lillah had been a lace maker before and after the marriage.  In the booming metropolis of London, John found work first as a labourer and then as a furniture dealer.  At the death of Lillah, John moved back to Long Crendon before joining his son in Littleport, Cambridgeshire in 1902 and dying in 1907.

The life of James Holliman (1859-1932) completes the family's move from farm to city, from an agricultural labour to businessman.  By age 12, James worked in Long Crendon as a farm labourer, but by the 1881 census, he is living with his parents in London.  December 14, 1885, he married Louisa Pettifer Atkins at St. Luke's Church, Chelsea.  The censuses of 1891 lists James as a fishmonger and in 1901, a green grocer.

Louisa Atkins Holliman was born in Towcester (pronounced toaster), Northamptonshire in 1862, the eldest of eight children of Thomas Atkins/Adkins and Elizabeth Coleman.  Thomas was a coachman who lived at Babraham just outside of Cambridge with his family by 1871, and had moved to London by 1881.  There Louisa met and married James Holliman.  Louisa's mother died when Louisa was only 15, so I dare say she had a difficult time helping her father with her young siblings, five of whom were under ten.



Below, this London photograph taken 1898 shows James Holliman with his forceful wife, Louisa and their three children.  Lindsay Holliman's grandfather is George Holliman on the left, with Ada and William on the right.  Their fourth child, John, was born n 1900.

The upward climb up the economic ladder of Edwardian England continued with James moving his family to Littleport after 1901 and by 1911 to the city of Cambridge, the famous university city.  James is first described as a 'hawker', - a seller of inexpensive items, handicrafts or foods, often from a barrow or cart.  He became a hardware dealer on Mill Road.  In the meantime, entrepreneurship blossomed in the family - his wife, Louisa, opened a servant's registry, going into business herself.


Below, James and Louisa ca 1930 and right, Louisa with her latest high-tech piece of equipment, ca 1920.

Around 1922, working together, the couple had established a house furnishing business on premises eventually along King Street in the middle of Cambridge. Louisa, the dynamic force in the family, had joined the Salvation Army, a relatively new religious and social force in British life in the early part of the 20th Century.  The Army was dedicated to saving the souls of the poor and improving their lives.

Louise passed away 20 July 1931 and James on 2 August 1932.  They are both buried at Mill Road Cemetery in Cambridge.  The generational journey from farm to city is evident in the lives of this hard working and enterprising couple." by Lindsay Holliman, great grandson of James and Louisa Holliman

Next a 20th Century English family during two world wars....

Have questions about Holliman family history? You are invited to join the Hollyman Email List at Hollyman-Subscribe@yahoogroups.com and the Hollyman Family Facebook Page located on Facebook at "Hollyman Family". Post your questions and perhaps one of the dozens Holyman cousins on the list will have an answer. For more information contact Tina Peddie at desabla1@yahoo.com, the list and Facebook manager for Hollyman (and all our various spellings!).

There is also a massive Ancestry.com Holyman and Associated Families Tree available for review.  For an invitation to this collection of over 20,000 individuals, please write 
glennhistory@gmail.com.

I also have a collection of associated family manuscripts and research collected by the late Walt Holliman, Cecil Holliman and Rhodes Holliman.  Happy to send these materials by email and to insure their research is available.  The surnames: Alexander, Baldwin, Barham, Bass, Beall, Blakeney,  Baker, Bond, Bostick, Brewer, Bryan, Bryant, Bullock, Calvert, Carter, Champion, Chew,Cofer, Cole, Crafford, Crockett, Curtis, Dale, Daniel, Davidson, Davies, De Mallpas, Douglas, Duckett, Edwards, Edgerton, Emerson, Fitzhugh, Fowlehurst, Fox, Gains, Garrison, Gonson, Graves, Gray, Guyton, Guins, Hall, Hamby, Hawkins,Hendrix, Hill, Hogg, Holliman, Holt, Howard, Jackson, Jones, Judkins, Love, Lucas, Maget, Mansfield, Manwaring, McBee, McComas, McCurdy, McNewsome, Nicholson, Norsworthy, Noyall, O'dell, Oliver, Pearce, Peerce, Pettigrew, Petway, Pitman, Plow, Plyler, Porten, Prather, Petite, Ridgely, Riggan, Roberts, Smith, Spencer, Sprigg, Standley, Stanyard, Swan, Strother, Thompson, Thornton, Thrope, Trelawney, Turpin, Underhill, Underwood, Wallace, Walters, Weedon, Whitherspoon, Whitten,Williams,Wilmot,Wilson, Whitaker and Yerby.  These are mainly of Alabama families and their ancestors from the Carolinas and Virginia. Materials vary from one page to 200. - GNH at glennhistory@gmail.com.






Monday, January 26, 2015

Further Exploring Holleman History in Old Virginia (and North Carolina) Part 15

by Glenn N. Holliman

We continue with our series on Allen Holleman's ancestors who migrated Virginia to North Carolina in search of productive farm land in the early 19th century.  In a previous post, Allen wrote of Jordan Holleman, a 4th great uncle, who left a paper trail that paints a picture of life in the 19th Century largely rural North Carolina.  In this article, an 1829 county court case reveals a startling act of humanity that went against the norms and laws of a society engulfed in the 'particular institution', human slavery! - GNH

Above Allen Holleman in his latest Mustang!

Allen Holleman writes Part 2 of his Story of Jordan Holleman, his 4th great uncle.... 


Jordan Holleman (1782-1875) in the middle 1800s lived mainly in Buckhorn Township in Wake County, North Carolina near and on the old Fayetteville R0ad (between New Hill and Holly Springs, route of present day New Hill-Holleman Road).   This third great grandson of Christopher Hollyman (1618-1691), moved to the Piedmont area of North Carolina sometime after 1810, eventually owning land in both Wake and Chatham Counties.

The point of the red dot is located at Holleman Crossroads, just south of U.S. Highway 1 adjacent to Harris Lake in Wake County, North Carolina.


 Below is a closer view of the area where Jordan Holleman and his relations lived southwest of Raleigh.


 The farm of a Jordan great nephew still can be seen today and is known as the Samuel Bartley Holleman House, located at the intersection of Avent Ferry Road and Bartley Holleman Road.  This is known as Holleman's Crossroads.  Some of former Holleman land is also under the Harris Reservoir.


JORDAN HOLLEMAN IS ACCUSED OF BREAKING A SOCIAL TABOO and the LAW- the GRAND JURY INDICTMENT of 1829

Note: The cover for this document says - State vs. Jordan Holloman - Forging a Free Pass for a Slave

"State of North Carolina, County of Chatham: Superior court of Law- Fall Term, A.D. 1829:

The Jurors for the State upon their Oath present, that heretofore, to wit on and before the first day of January A.D. 1829, a certain Thomas Bell was owner of a Negro slave named Willis, the said slave Willis being then a runaway and having left his master's service and that one Jordan Holloman, late of the county of Chatham aforesaid, farmer, on the day and year aforesaid in the County aforesaid,

 fraudulently and deceitfully did forge make and counterfeit a certain written pass, commonly called " a free pass" for and on behalf of the said slave Willis which said "pass" is as follows, that is to say_ 

'State of North Carolina Chatham County this will certify that the Barrer Isaac Evans (an alias) a man of Color is of Free Parentage, was born'd and Raised in the County afores'd and a person of a Moral Character, is about six feet high and served 'is' (his) apprenticeship under me as a farmer and was of age the 15th of December in the year of our Lord Eighteen Hundred and nine and the same Registered in the county etc.'

James O'Kelly Test: Lesly O'Kelly which said free pass: he, the said Jordon Holloman then and there delivered and caused to be delivered to the said Willis, slave as aforesaid, and then and there well knowing that the said Willis was a slave and then and there "a runaway" to the great injury of the said Thomas Bell and against the peace and dignity of the state.
John Scott Sol'r Gen'l (Solicitor General) Thomas Bell Junr.Pros.; Wit.Wm. Rencher, Geo. Williams, Allen Wilson, Henry Moore Sworn; sub. Sept. Term, 1829
 C. J. Williams, C.S.C. A true bill - Jno Linth? Henth? Foreman"

Note just above, 'Thomas Bell, Junr, Pros.'.  If that means prosecutor, it would seem to be a conflict of interest as his father was bringing the suit.   In searching Chatham Co. and state records,  I have found nothing further about this indictment and suspect it was never brought to trial.  Perhaps it was settled out of court or the prosecutor to the grand jury being family made it seem a fair trial was not possible.

As the senior Jordan Holleman (who had properties in both Wake and Chatham counties) was a slave “owner”, (with one field-hand),  it’s hard to imagine him creating a document that would have been such a violation of the laws at the time and an affront to his friends and neighbors.  

Another possibility might have been that this was a younger Jordan Holleman, the senior Jordan’s great-nephew,  grandson of his brother John and son of  Jeremiah.   This Jordan was born 1810 in Wake. He would have been 19-20 years old and the ‘pass’ might have been the result of the  impetuosity and rebelliousness of youth.  His family also had holdings in both Wake and Chatham.  

Afterwards he moved on to Georgia and then to Mississippi. I have found only this abstract, not the original court record nor any disposition.

I have seen the will of Thos. Bell (Sr.) above with some indications he was a reasonably decent fellow – if that can be said of anyone who held other humans in enforced servitude: slavery.  He does state that he does not believe in separating husband and wife and further that their children are to be considered ‘property’ of the parents and to remain with them and are NOT to be considered as part of his estate and binding  his heirs to these provisions.


JORDAN WAS ENUMERATED TWICE IN THE 1850 CENSUS

Twenty years later, Jordan's wife, Mary, had recently died, and he seemed at loose ends.   As written earlier, he seems to like lots of people around him and appears also to be moving around a bit in Wake County.  The census–taker was Stephen Stephenson who wrote with a beautiful hand, but couldn’t seem to even spell Smith correctly.  He certainly never got Holleman right but I guess it works phonetically.   Apparently the folks being counted did not see the pages as all of the men could read and write and many of the ladies could as well by then, and they all spelled Holleman when signing.  Oh well.

First, Jordan is living with son Wiley Wilkins Holleman (1818-1890) and daughter Mary J, both unmarried with eldest son Wyatt next door.   They were in the White Oak area of south west Wake County, between New Hill and Holly Springs.   Brother John and his sons Davis and Edwin were also nearby and close to Hollemans Crossroads of today.1

Amazingly, in a second counting in the same 1850 census, Jordan is living with a family  whose last name is spelled as Wibbern and Wilbern 2, and we see Jordan’s sense of humor.  This would be Henry Wilborn and wife Cynthia Fuquay.  I suspect he was visiting the Wilberns on that day and was messing with Stephen Stephenson, the census taker, when he claimed to be living there and gave his occupation as shoemaker – which he never was but he might have just ‘fixed’ one of his own.  Or they were farming on one of Jordan’s properties.   These folks had a distrust of government even then.

JORDAN MOVES AGAIN 

The census of 1860 finds Jordan listed with his youngest daughter Mary J. Matthews  (1828-1876)  and her 2nd husband, Israel and five children.  This time he says he’s a carpenter 3.  While it is likely he built quite a few structures, there’s no indication that he ever did it for anyone else.    The census fellow was Wm. M. Tompkins and his spelling is as poor as Stephen’s and his writing is hard to decipher.  He has my ancestor as Jordain Holomon. 

The latest deed I found was in March 1849 where Jordan took a fair sized farm of 57 acres in settlement of a debt, and he found folks to work the lands as who would be known later as sharecroppers or tenant farmers.

By 1870 he was pretty much retired as a farmer and was living with his daughter Susannah and her husband James Phillips in New Hill, Wake County.  There are no children listed, but in the household were two other  ladies:  seven year old Eliza Overby and Jane Ricroft, 49.  Jordan at 88 was the head of household so this is likely his property.

In the rural South, people looked after each other, family or friends.  Orphans and widows were taken in and found homes with folks they had long known.  Older family members remained with family.  This was community at its best.   

Below, Wyatt Holleman's bible recording his father's, Jordan Holleman, death.

Jordan Holleman lived his last twenty-five years without his beloved Polly (Mary) and those must have been hard years for him, but he lived with and among family and friends and being an active do’er, he surely made the best of the life he had.  He passed away on August 17, 1875 at 93 and was surely missed by those who knew and loved him.  

I cannot imagine Jordan, so used to deeds and records as he was, not leaving a will to specify how his estate was to be handled but so far I haven’t discovered one.  Unless he had already divided his properties: real and personal while still living and made any other provisions known but there should be deeds for those.



FOOTNOTES:

1Many of these farms are now beneath water as the White Oak Creek was dammed to create Harris Lake in the 1970’s.  Recreational yes, but mainly a cooling pond for a nuclear power plant today.  Holleman’s Crossroads seems to have gained that name in the 1890’s when Samuel Bartley Holleman built a large house on the NE corner, that is today on the National Register of Historic Places.   This is at the intersection of New Hill-Holleman Rd. and Bartley Holleman Rd., west of Holly Springs.  See below.

  The Samuel Bartley Holleman House

2Jordan’s son, Wyatt, in several censuses, named himself a carpenter – more like what today we would call a contractor, as he was the businessman in charge -and it’s possible the father may have worked with him some but at 78 it seems  likely he might have been spoofing the census taker.  In the 1850 census he was listed as age 68 (twice, remember) and that is correct but in 1860, he says he’s 75.  Wouldn’t we all like to age just seven years in ten?

 3Jordan’s brother, Jonathan, had children who moved south: Barnett the oldest son went to Houston Co. GA and his sister Charity did as well and married Oliver H. P. Wellborn there.   Later Jonathan’s widow moved there to live with her daughter who was also widowed by then.   Recognize the name of her husband?  He was named for the hero Commodore of the War of 1812 – Oliver Hazard Perry and the nearest town was Perry.   I have not found a direct connection between the Wilberns and Wellborns but we can suspect they were related and a generation earlier had moved to Georgia.- Allen Holleman, North Carolina

Have questions about Holliman family history? You are invited to join the Hollyman Email List at Hollyman-Subscribe@yahoogroups.com and the Hollyman Family Facebook Page located on Facebook at "Hollyman Family". Post your questions and perhaps one of the dozens Holyman cousins on the list will have an answer. For more information contact Tina Peddie at desabla1@yahoo.com, the list and Facebook manager for Hollyman (and all our various spellings!).

There is also a massive Ancestry.com Holyman and Associated Families Tree available for review.  For an invitation to this collection of over 20,000 individuals, please write 
glennhistory@gmail.com.

I also have a collection of associated family manuscripts and research collected by the late Walt Holliman, Cecil Holliman and Rhodes Holliman.  Happy to send these materials by email and to insure their research is available.  The surnames: Alexander, Baldwin, Barham, Bass, Beall, Blakeney,  Baker, Bond, Bostick, Brewer, Bryan, Bryant, Bullock, Calvert, Carter, Champion, Chew,Cofer, Cole, Crafford, Crockett, Curtis, Dale, Daniel, Davidson, Davies, De Mallpas, Douglas, Duckett, Edwards, Edgerton, Emerson, Fitzhugh, Fowlehurst, Fox, Gains, Garrison, Gonson, Graves, Gray, Guyton, Guins, Hall, Hamby, Hawkins,Hendrix, Hill, Hogg, Holliman, Holt, Howard, Jackson, Jones, Judkins, Love, Lucas, Maget, Mansfield, Manwaring, McBee, McComas, McCurdy, McNewsome, Nicholson, Norsworthy, Noyall, O'dell, Oliver, Pearce, Peerce, Pettigrew, Petway, Pitman, Plow, Plyler, Porten, Prather, Petite, Ridgely, Riggan, Roberts, Smith, Spencer, Sprigg, Standley, Stanyard, Swan, Strother, Thompson, Thornton, Thrope, Trelawney, Turpin, Underhill, Underwood, Wallace, Walters, Weedon, Whitherspoon, Whitten,Williams,Wilmot,Wilson, Whitaker and Yerby.  These are mainly of Alabama families and their ancestors from the Carolinas and Virginia. Materials vary from one page to 200. - GNH at glennhistory@gmail.com.


Tuesday, December 23, 2014

The Hollimans of England, Part 4

by Glenn N. Holliman

In previous articles, Lindsay Holliman of England has been tracing his branch of the Holliman family from the time of Thomas Holyman, d 1588.  Thomas was the common great grandfather of Lindsay and myself.  One of Thomas' children stayed in Cuddington, Buckinghamshire, the ancestor of Lindsay. The story of his descendants continues including a 4th great half uncle whose story could have come from Charles Dickens.


November 2014 Glenn, left, and Lindsay Holliman, right, stand in front of the medieval market place in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England, the home of a 14th Century Richard Holyman and another probable great grandfather!

Another son, Christopher, my 9th great grandfather, married into the Lee family and moved to Sherington, Buckinghamshire.  One of Christopher's sons, Thomas moved to Bedfordshire from which one of his sons, Christopher Holyman migrated to Isle of Wight, Virginia and started most of the American Holliman (various spellings) families.

In previous postings, Allen Holleman of North Carolina, has reported on his branch in the 19th Century.  It is interesting to compare how the lives and fortunes of Old World and New World Hollimans unfolded in the 19th Century. -GNH


The English Ancestors of Lindsay Holliman continued...by Lindsay Holliman

Prior to the 17th Century, early generations in my tree appear to have been both reasonably well off and educated. Later on, however, probably as a result of being younger children, my branch became more menial and less literate. As I have written in earlier articles, the short move from Cuddington, Buckinghamshire to Long Crendon took place in the latter part of the eighteenth century, possibly following the marriage of James Holyman (ca 1767 – 1853) to Elizabeth Cook who was from Long Crendon.  Both villages are approximately 40 miles west of London.

During the 19th century many of the local women were lace makers working from home to provide supplementary income whilst being available for the children. My great great grandmother, Zillah Sherriff, was a lace maker. She was the wife of John Holyman (1831-1907) who worked at Long Crendon Manor. 


The  picture is of a Long Crendon lacemaker working outside her house in the late 1890s. It also shows Long Crendon High Street - a view which would have not changed much over the 19th century, and would have been familiar to all members of my family in Long Crendon. Lace makers worked outdoors wherever possible because the light was much superior.

 James had a half-brother, Richard (1809-1854), my half 4th great uncle, who was imprisoned in 1837 for stealing potatoes. The following are extracts of letters from Thomas Hayton, vicar of Long Crendon from 1821 to 1887. They paint a pathetic picture. (Minor editing of the letter for clarity -GNH)

Crendon, 26 May 1837

Gentlemen:
The following case I submit for your consideration, not, I hope for your approval. It is abstractly the case of the wives of labourers committed to jail on suspicion of petty thefts, whether they – the wives on application for relief - should be uniformly ordered into the workhouse. 


Richard Holliman of this parish of Long Crendon is now confined in Aylesbury jail, waiting his trial for having some potatoes on his premises, supposed not to have been his own. He has a wife and three small children under 7 years of age: she, the wife, is a woman of good character, steady, industrious habits.  

The Board of Guardians at Thame relieved her out of the workhouse two weeks, but a fortnight ago ordered her into the House, agreeably with a standing rule in reference to persons so situate. This rule, I, as guardian, never could approve being carried out rigorously into effect, inasmuch as it frequently bore unnecessarily harsh upon a poor female. 

This woman alluded to has been undergoing the severest privations rather than fall in with an order, which I cannot but consider Unenglish and against the spirit of the Poor Law. 

Starvation, however, is before her, if she does not enter the Workhouse. Doing this she must necessarily give up her Cottage, have her little goods scattered among alien hands, or sold, her garden planted with cabbages and pillaged.  Should her husband be acquitted, they will be homeless, almost castaways. These are the obvious consequences of sending her into the workhouse.   

I will not pretend to work upon your feelings by describing to you how agonizingly reluctant she is to be compelled to enter the “Prison House” as she calls it, for no fault of hers, and a supposed on of her husband’s …, I am sure you will not sanctions that which I consider to be cruel in the extreme."

Below an English Victorian Work House

The Poor Law Commissioners did not accede to Thomas Hayton’s pleading and Richard was found guilty and sentenced to six months hard labour at the House of Correction, Aylesbury. The above illustrates the hardship under which the common man existed in times gone by. It is likely that Richard helped himself to the potatoes merely to provide food for his family. This is the same Richard who was looking after his father, James, in the 1851 census. -Lindsay Holliman

Next English posting...Lindsay's ancestors migrate to the city and begin to rise economically....


Have questions about Holliman family history? You are invited to join the Hollyman Email List at Hollyman-Subscribe@yahoogroups.com and the Hollyman Family Facebook Page located on Facebook at "Hollyman Family". Post your questions and perhaps one of the dozens Holyman cousins on the list will have an answer. For more information contact Tina Peddie at desabla1@yahoo.com, the list and Facebook manager for Hollyman (and all our various spellings!).

There is also a massive Ancestry.com Holyman and Associated Families Tree available for review.  For an invitation to this collection of over 20,000 individuals, please write 
glennhistory@gmail.com.

I also have a collection of associated family manuscripts and research collected by the late Walt Holliman, Cecil Holliman and Rhodes Holliman.  Happy to send these materials by email and to insure their research is available.  The surnames: Alexander, Baldwin, Barham, Bass, Beall, Blakeney,  Baker, Bond, Bostick, Brewer, Bryan, Bryant, Bullock, Calvert, Carter, Champion, Chew,Cofer, Cole, Crafford, Crockett, Curtis, Dale, Daniel, Davidson, Davies, De Mallpas, Douglas, Duckett, Edwards, Edgerton, Emerson, Fitzhugh, Fowlehurst, Fox, Gains, Garrison, Gonson, Graves, Gray, Guyton, Guins, Hall, Hamby, Hawkins,Hendrix, Hill, Hogg, Holliman, Holt, Howard, Jackson, Jones, Judkins, Love, Lucas, Maget, Mansfield, Manwaring, McBee, McComas, McCurdy, McNewsome, Nicholson, Norsworthy, Noyall, O'dell, Oliver, Pearce, Peerce, Pettigrew, Petway, Pitman, Plow, Plyler, Porten, Prather, Petite, Ridgely, Riggan, Roberts, Smith, Spencer, Sprigg, Standley, Stanyard, Swan, Strother, Thompson, Thornton, Thrope, Trelawney, Turpin, Underhill, Underwood, Wallace, Walters, Weedon, Whitherspoon, Whitten,Williams,Wilmot,Wilson, Whitaker and Yerby.  These are mainly of Alabama families and their ancestors from the Carolinas and Virginia. Materials vary from one page to 200. - GNH at glennhistory@gmail.com.